ANDALUSIAN ISLAM IN THE HISTORY OF MAZHABS

  • Ali Akbarul Falah Pengadilan Agama
  • Dzulkifli Hadi Imawan Pengadilan Agama, Islamic Unirvesity of Indonesia

Abstract

Abstract

The conquest of the Andalusian region by the Umayyad Dynasty, which was centered in Damascus at that time, moved the territory of power to the Andalusian region (Europe). Even the Umayyad Dynasty II was formed after the Abbasid Dynasty took power in Damascus. That era was the golden peak of fiqh scholars, born a variety of thoughts that eventually became madhhabs, ranging from the Hanbali, Maliki, and Hanafi madhhabs. The author is interested in reviewing the history of madhhabs in Andalusian Islam and what madhhabs have prevailed and become official madhhabs in Andalusia. This research aims to trace the existence of Andalusian Islamic madhhabs, the contribution of madhhabs to enriching the scientific treasures of Andalusian Islam, and the role of madhhabs in unifying Andalusian Islam. This research uses a literature review method with a historical approach. The results of this study state that three madhhabs have prevailed in Andalusian Islam: the Auza'i Madhhab, pioneered by Sham immigrants, as the majority madhhab at that time and not the official madhhab, the Maliki Madhhab, which became the official madhhab of Andalusian Islam, and the efforts of the Muwahhidun Dynasty to suppress and eliminate the Maliki Madhhab in Andalusian land and replace it with the Zahiri Madhhab as the official madhhab of Andalusian.
Keywords: Islam, Andalusia, History, Madhhab

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Published
2023-12-30
How to Cite
Falah, A., & Imawan, D. (2023, December 30). ANDALUSIAN ISLAM IN THE HISTORY OF MAZHABS. Hunafa: Jurnal Studia Islamika, 20(2), 208-228. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24239/jsi.v20i2.710.208-228