• Anggi Azzuhri Hamid bin Khalifa University
Keywords: Tabayyun, Semantic Analysis, Khairu Ummmah


Khairu Ummah appears in surah 3:110 associated to the society on which Prophet Muhammad lived. This term shows that there is a supreme concept of the highest level of civilization since the society of that period is considered as an excellent civilization. There are several requirements to fulfil in order to reach the status of khairu ummah, those are the promotion of virtue, prevention of vice, and Iman in Allah. However, those requirements are very general thus it is necessary to decipher specific aspect to reach one of them. In another surah, Al-Hujuraat (49), Allah detailly explains the major features of the Mu’minun (those who believe). Of the features is Tabayyun, appears in the sixth verse in the context of incoming information. Examining the semantic concept of Tabayyun is a step to reveal the specific aspect to gain the status of the ideal Ummah. This work is deciphering the concept of Tabayyun according to the Qur’an through two main approaches: Semantic analysis and Composition examination. These both methods are conducted by two distinguished contemporary scholars, Toshihiko Izutsu and Hamiduddin Al-Farahi, to find the philosophical meaning of a particular term from the Qur’an. Eventually, it is concluded that the Tabayyun definition is an important high-level social ethics that only true believer can perform it. The absence of Tabayyun leads not only to a wrong decision but to a major conflict in society even the disintegration of it.


Download data is not yet available.


Al-Barghouti, T. (2008). The Umma and the Dawla: the nation state and the Arab Middle East. London: Pluto Press.
Cuypers, M. (2015). The Composition of the Qur’an; Rhetoric Analysis. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
Haleem, M. A. (2010). Understanding the Qur'an: Themes and Style. London: Islamic Book Tauris.
Hashmi, T. M. (2010). Exordium to Coherence in The Qur'an; Translation book of Hamiduddin Al-Farahi. Lahore: Al-Mawrid.
Izutsu, T. (2002). The God and Man in the Qur’an. Kuala Lumpur: Islamic Book Trust.
Izutsu, T. (2015). Ethico Religious Concepts in The Qur'an. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
Rahman, F. (2009). The Major Themes of Qur’an. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Tishler, N. (2018). Fake Terrorism: Examining Terrorist Groups' Resort to Hoaxing as a Mode of Attack. Perspective on Terrorism, 3-13.
البغا, مصطفى ديب . (1998). الواضح في علوم القرآن . دمشق: دار الكلام الطيب .
الرازي, فخر الدين . (1981). التفسير الكبير . بيروت: دار الفكر .
الزحيلي, وهبة . (1998). تفسير المنير في العقيدة والشريعة والمنهج . دمشق: دار الفكر المعاصر .
السامرائي, فاضل . (2016). التعبير القرآني . دمشق: دار ابن كثير .
السامرائي, فاضل . (2016). بلاغة الكلمات في التعبير القرآني . دمشق: دار ابن كثير .
الطبري, ابن جرير . (1994). جامع البيان وتأويل آيات القرآن . بيروت: دار الفكر .
المنظور, ابن (2008). لسان العرب . بيروت: دار صدر .
حوى, سعيد . (2004). الأساس في التفسير . القاهرة: دار السلام .
دراز, محمد عبد الله . (2018). النبأ العظيم . عمان: مكتبة الْهلية .
عاشور, محمد الطاهر . (2004). تفسير التحرير والتنوير . تونس: دار سحنون .
Matsa, E. (2017, June 23). The Impact of Fake News: Society. Retrieved from Kingsley Napley:
Schelsinger, R. (2017, April 14). Fake News in Reality. Retrieved from U.S News:
إسلامويب . (2002, 11 18). قراءة: فتبينوا فتثبتوا صحيحة متواترة - - . Retrieved from Islamweb:
How to Cite
Azzuhri, A. (2020, December 22). TABAYYUN AS A CRUCIAL ASPECT IN THE QURANIC CONCEPT OF UMMAH ANALYSIS OF “TABAYYUN” IN SURA AL-HUJURAAT (49:6). HUNAFA: Jurnal Studia Islamika, 17(2), 145-165.