MENGGAGAS MUNĀSABAH ALQURAN: PERAN DAN MODEL PENAFSIRAN ALQURAN

  • Hasani Ahmad Said Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
Keywords: munāsabah, model penafsiran, Alquran

Abstract

The Quran has the miracle of each of its dimensions, it can be understood as presented al-Zarkasyī that the Quran was not revealed by accident, by chance, and without specific goals and objectives. Accordingly, any use and wording (lafadz), construction of verses and letters (munāsabah baina al-āyāt wa al-sūrah) and transitional themes contained in, it has the power concept as a kalam intact and coherent (muttasiqāt al-mabānī wa muntadzimāt al-ma’ānī ka al-kalimah al-wāhidah). And the whole Quran is meet that requirement, which consists of 30 chapters, 114 letters, nearly 88,000 words and more than 300,000 letters, as asserted Al-Qurtubi (641) is like a letter that cannot be separated. Thus, the unity of the Quran is happening at all is not as forced, but it can be proved through the relationship between section by section. The birth of the knowledge of the conformity (Munāsabah), originate from the fact that the Quran systematic as contained in Ottoman manuscripts now is not based on chronological descent. That is why there is a difference of opinion among scholars Salaf on the order of letters in the Quran. This paper will address concerns about the chronological arrangement of the Quran

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

A‘zamī, MM., The History of Qur’ānic Text From Revelation to Compilation A Comparative Study with the old and new Testament, (Sejarah Teks al-Qur’ān dari Wahyu sampai Kompilasi kajian Perbandingan dengan Perjanjian Lama dan Perjanjian Baru), terj. Sohirin Solihin, Anis Matta, Ugi Suharto, Lili Mulyadi, Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 2005.
Afriqi, Ibnu Manzūr al-, Lisān al-‘Arāb, Beirut: Dār al-Sadīr, tth.
Amal, Taufik Adnan, Rekonstruksi Sejarah Alquran, Jakarta: Pustaka Alvabet, 2005.
Atha’, Abd al-Qadir Ahmad, dalam pengantar al-Suyūthi, Asrār Tartīb al-Qur’ān, Kairo: Dār al-I’tishām, 1978.
Bugawī, al-, Syarh al-Sunnah al-Shahābah, Beirūt: Dār al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyyah, 1993.
Baihaqī, al-, Al-Madkhal ilā al-Sunan al-Kubrā , (Kuwait: Dār al-Khulafā’ lī al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1404.
Baljon, J.M.S., Modern Muslim Koran Interpretation (1880-1960), Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1968.
Bāqī, Muhammad Fu’ad Abdul, al-Mu’jām al-Mufharas li al-Fāz al-Qur’ān, Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1987.
Bāqillānī, al-, I’jāz al-Qur’ān, Beirūt: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1996.
Biqā’ī, Burhānuddin Ibn Umar Ibrahim al-, Nadzm al-Durār fī Tanāsub al-Āyat wa al-Suwar, Heidiradab: Majlis Dairāt al-Ma’ārif al-Usmāniyyah, 1969.
Būthi, Muhammad Said Ramadhan al-, Min Rawā’i al-Qurān, Beirut-Libanon/Damsyik: maktabah al-farabi, 1397 H/1977 M.
Dzahabī, Muhamad Husein al-, al-Tafsīr wa al-Mufassirūn, Mesir: Maktabah Wahbah, 1985.
El-Awa, Salwa M.S., Texstual Relation in The Quran: Relevance, Coherence and Structure, Routledge, New York, 2006.
Farjani, Muhammad Rajab, Kayfa Nata’addab Ma’a al-Mushhaf, t.tp., Dār al-I’tishām, 1978.
Farmawi, Abd al-Hay al-, al-Bidāyah fī Tafsīr al-Maudhū’I, Kairo: al-Hadharah al-‘Arabiyah, 1977.
Hadiyanto, Andy, Repetisi Kisah Alquran (Analisis Struktural Genetik Terhadap Kisah Ibrahim dalam Surat Makiyyah dan Madaniyyah), disertasi UIN, 2009.
Hanbal, Imām Ahmad Ibn, Musnād Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Beirūt: Dār al-Sadīr, t.th.
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/9780470751428.fmatter, unduhan, 20 Januari 2010,
http://www.google.co.id/search?client=opera&rls=en&q=Salwa+M.S.+ElAwa&sourceid=opera&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8, unduhan, 20 januari 2010.
Iman, Fauzul, Munāsabah Alquran, Jurnal Panji Masyarakat, no. 843, edisi Novemver 2005.
Jurjani, ‘Ali bin Muhammad bin ‘Ali al-, al-Ta’rifāt, Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Arabi, 1405 H.
Khalafullāh, Muhammad Ahmad, al-Fann al-Qashāshī fī al-Qur’ān al-Karīm, syarah wa al-ta’līq oleh Khalīl ‘Abd al-Karīm, Beirut, Kairo, Sīnā lī al-Nasyr wa al-Intisyār al-‘Araby, 1999.
Khathīb, Muhammad Ajāj al-, Al-Sunnah Qabla al-Tadwīn, Terjemahan. AH. Akram Fahmi, Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 1999.
Ma’luf, Lois, Qamūs al-Munjid fī al-Lughah wa al-A’lam, (Beirut: Dār al-Syarqy, 1976.
Munawwir, A.Warson, Kamus al-Munawwir, Yogyakarta: Unit Pengadaan Buku PP al-Munawwir, 1984.
Nawawi, Shahīh Muslim bi Syarh Nawawī, Cairo: Dār al-Hadīts, 1994.
Qattān, Mannā‘ Khalīl al-, Mabāhits fī ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Beirut: Mansyūrāt al-‘Asr al-Hadīts, 1393 H.
Qurthūbi, Abi Abdillah Nuhammad bin Ahmad al-Anshāri al-, al-Jami’ lī al-Ahkām al-Qurān, Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1993.
Rāfi’ī, Mushthafā Shādiq al-, I’jā z al-Qur’ān wa al-Balāgah al-Nahwiyyah, Beirūt: al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, cet. ke-3, 1990.
Rahmān, Fazlur, Islam and Modernity, Chicago: Universitas of Chicago Press, 1982.
Said, Hasani Ahmad, “Corak Kalam Tafsir Fatḥ al-Qadīr: Telaah Atas Ayat-ayat Kalam Karya al-Syaukānī:, Tesis S2 PPs UIN Jakarta, tahun 2007.
_______, Diskursus Munāsabah Alquran dalam Tafsir al-Mishbah, Jakarta: Amzah, 2015.
_______, Corak Sastra Tafsir al-Azhar: Studi Atas Ayat-ayat Sastra Alquran dalam Khazanah Tafsir Nusantara Karya Hamka, Penelitian Individual, Puslitpen LP2M IAIN Raden Intan Lampung, tahun 2014.
_______, Menggagas Munāsabah Alquran: Tinjauan Atas Model Penafsiran Alquran, Penelitian Individual, Puslitpen LP2M IAIN Raden Intan Lampung, tahun 2012.
_______, “Diskursus Munāsabah Alquran: Menyoal Perdebatan Otentisitas Alquran.” MIMBAR, Jurnal Agama & Budaya, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Vol. 28, N0. 1, Thn. 2011.
_______, “Metodologi Penafsiran Alquran Kontemporer: Telaah atas Pemikiran Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd,” SUHUF, Jurnal Kajian Alquran dan Kebudayaan, Lajnah Pentashih Mushaf Alquran Balitbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama, Vol. 4. No. 1, 2011.
_______, “Tafsir al-Mishbah in The Framework of Indonesian Golden Triangle Tafsirs: A Review on The Correlation Studi (munāsabah) of Quran,” in Heritage of Nusantara, International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage, Vol. 3, No. 2, December 2014.
Shihab, M. Quraish, Tafsir al-Mishbāh Pesan, Kesan dan Keserasian Alquran, Jakarta: Lentera hati, 2006.
_______, Ibrahim bin Umar al-Biqā’i: Ahli Tafsir yang Kontroversial, Jurnal Ulūmul Quran, LSAF, Vol. 1, 1989.
_______, Dalam pengantar buku Taufik Adnan Amal. Rekonstruksi Sejarah Alquran, Jakarta: Pustaka al-Fabets, 2005.
_______, Sejarah dan ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, (Jakarta: Pustaka Fidaus dan Bayt Alquran & Museum Istiqlal TMII, 2001.
_______, Membumikan Al-Quran, Bandung: Mizan, 1992.
_______, Wawasan al-Quran, Bandung: Mizan, 1996.
_______, Mukjizat Alquran Ditinjau dari Aspek Kebahasaan Isyarat Ilmiah dan Pemberitaan Gaib, Bandung: Mizan, 1998.
Shālih, Subhi, Mabāhits fī ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Bairut-Libanon, Dār al-‘Ilm lī al-Malāyīn, 1988.
Suma, Muhammad Amin, Studi Ilmu-ilmu Alquran, (Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 2000.
Syuhbah, Muhammad ibn Muhammad Abū, al-Madkhal li Dirāsāh al-Qur’ān al-Karīm, Mesir: Maktabah al-Sunnah, 1992.
Sibā’ī, Musthafā al-, al-Sunnah wa Makānatuhā fī al-tasyrī’ al-Islāmī, Sunnah dan Peranannya dalam Penetapkan Syariat Islam, terj. Nurchalish Madjid, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 1995.
Sa’id, Labib al-, al-jam’ al-Shautī lī al-Qur’ān al-Karīm, (Mesir: Dār al-Kātib al-‘Arāby, t.th.
Suyūthi, Jalaluddīn al-, al-Itqan fī ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Damaskus : Dar al-Fikr, 1979.
Syāthibī, al-, al-Muwāfaqat, Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1975.
Suyūthī, Abdurrahman Ibn Abī Bakr ibn Muhammad Abū al-Fadhl al-, Asrār Tartīb al-Qur’ān, Kairo: Dār al-I’tishām, 1978.
Watt, W. Monthomery, Bell’s Introduction to The Qur’ān, Leiden: Edinburgh University Press, 1994.
Yusuf, Yunan, Corak Pemikiran Kalam Tafsir al-Azhar, Sebuah telaah tentang Pemikiran Hamka dalam teologi Islam, Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1990.
_______, Karakteristik Tafsīr Alquran di Indonesia Abad 20, Jurnal Ulūm Alquran, Vol. III, no.4, 1992.
Zaid, Nasr Hamid Abū, Mafhūm al-Nāsh: Dirāsah fī ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Kairo: Dār al-Ihyā al-Kutub al’Arabiyyah, 1992.
_______, Tekstualitas Alquran: Ktitik Terhadap Ulumul Quran, terj. Khairan Nahdiyyin, Yogyakarta: LkiS, 2001.
Zarkasyī, Muhammad Burhānuddin al-, Al-Burhān fi ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Mesir: Dār Ihyā al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyyah, 1957.
Zarqānī, Muhammad ‘Abdul Aẓīm al-, Manāhil al-‘Irfān fi ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān, Beirūt: Dār al-Fikr, 1988.
Published
2016-07-20
How to Cite
Said, H. (2016, July 20). MENGGAGAS MUNĀSABAH ALQURAN: PERAN DAN MODEL PENAFSIRAN ALQURAN. HUNAFA: Jurnal Studia Islamika, 13(1), 1-34. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24239/jsi.v13i1.412.1-34